About Dental Implants

A dental implant is essentially a substitute for a natural root and commonly it is screw or cylinder shaped. Each implant is placed into a socket carefully at the precise location of the intended tooth.

WHY DENTAL IMPLANTS 
Once teeth are lost, the bone in which they are sitting in gradually disappears because it is no longer required to support the teeth. The teeth and lost bone are usually replaced by removable dentures or fixed bridges to restore appearance, speech and chewing. As with all man made substitutes for nature’s living tissues, there are drawbacks to artificial appliances. Dentures reduce masticatory efficiency and can suffer from poor retention. On the other hand, bridges involve cutting away healthy teeth in order to provide support.
An alternative method of tooth replacement is to insert implants into the mouth to support the false tooth or teeth. Such implants may become firmly attached with the bone and act in a similar manner to a tooth root. If an implant is placed immediately or soon after a tooth is extracted, jawbone is preserved and its further loss prevented. For this reason it is best not to delay the decision to place implants, as bone will be lost with time which can make the placement of implants more difficult. However, even after considerable bone loss has occurred, it may still be possible to place an implant although additional bone grafting techniques may be required.

Procedure summary

Dental Implant

Anaesthesia Local (simple injection around area)
Duration 1 hour
Recovery time 24 hours
Final result Replacement of missing tooth

METHOD OF IMPLANT PLACEMENT
The condition of the jaws will be assessed for suitability and the treatment will be planned using X-ray films, photographs and models of the teeth. It may be necessary to take a Jaw Scan (CT) type X-ray to check the amount and position of the available bone. The final decision whether or not to proceed with implant placement will be made at the time of surgery and will be determined by the quality and quantity of the jaw bone.
Implants may be inserted in one of two ways:
Immediate placement is when the dental implant is placed at the same time that the tooth or teeth are removed. The advantages of this approach are a reduction in treatment time and bone preservation. Whether or not this is possible will depend on the condition of your bone at the time of extraction. If infection is present it may be necessary to defer implant placement for three months while new healthy bone reforms in the area.
Delayed dental implant placement is insertion of the implant into the mouth where the tooth or teeth have previously been removed or have been missing for some time.
Implant treatment may entail a combination of the above insertion types and the time required to place them will depend on the number of dental implants being inserted and their position in the mouth.

AFTER IMPLANT PLACEMENT
After the procedure there will be some discomfort and swelling. The degree of swelling will depend upon the number of implants placed and whether or not additional surgical procedures were carried out. If you are a smoker or have a pre-existing medical condition (i.e. diabetes) which affects soft tissue healing, the amount of swelling may be slightly greater. The gum tissue in the region where the implants have been placed may change appearance or colour and take on a white appearance for a short time (normally two weeks) after treatment. The discomfort can be managed by taking over the counter painkillers i.e. paracetamol
After 6/10 days once the soft tissue has healed sufficiently, the stitches are removed. If dissolving stitches have been used this may not be necessary. During this period, it may not be possible to wear dentures. After this stage the implants will be left undisturbed for at least three months to attach to the jawbone.

MAKING THE NEW TEETH
After a 3 month period a second procedure is necessary to expose the implants and check for firm bony attachment. Once the implants have been uncovered and are firm a post or abutment will be connected which will be used to support either a provisional crown or permanent crown. Impressions will be necessary prior to construction of the final crowns.

Cost Of  Treatment

Single Implant £1,750 (Includes implant and final crown)
Two or more Implants  £1,695 each (Includes implants and final crowns)

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